Weak SSH Key

Disabling Weak SSH Key Exchange Algorithms

Secure Your Server with Simple Steps

In a world of digital connectivity, safeguarding your server is paramount. One crucial aspect is the SSH Key Exchange Algorithm, a linchpin in securing your communication. Let’s dive into the essentials without overwhelming even the most novice user.

Understanding Key Exchange Algorithms

Before we proceed, let’s unravel the mystery of Key Exchange Algorithms. These algorithms form the foundation of secure communication by establishing a shared secret key between the server and client. This key is the guardian of data integrity and confidentiality during an SSH connection.

Not all keys are born equal. Some, due to inherent weaknesses, pose a threat to your server’s security. Let’s pinpoint the culprits :

  • Diffie-Hellman Group 1 (DH Group 1): Vulnerable to cryptographic attacks, this key is a weak link in your server’s armor.
  • Diffie-Hellman Group 14 (DH Group 14) with SHA-1: The usage of SHA-1 for hashing renders this group susceptible to breaches.

Disabling Weak Keys

Now that we’ve identified the weak links, let’s fortify your server’s security with straightforward steps.

1- Access SSH Configuration :

Open the SSH configuration file located at /etc/ssh/sshd_config using your preferred text editor :

# vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config

2- Locate Key Exchange Algorithm Configuration:

Find or add the line starting with KexAlgorithms. It should resemble:

KexAlgorithms curve25519-sha256@libssh.org,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256

3- Remove Weak Algorithms:

Enhance security by removing weak algorithms. For instance:

KexAlgorithms curve25519-sha256@libssh.org,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256

4- Save and Restart SSH:

# systemctl restart sshd

More articles about SSH :

SSH Error: Permissions for Key Are Too Open

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